Image Credits: Part II

Chapter 4

120px-1_mount_hua_shan_china_2011

Image 1. Hua Shan [Shan = Mountain] [the western Guardian] China panorama 2011, [Shaanxi Province]. Photo by chensiyuan, 2011.

Attribution: “1 mount hua shan china 2011” by chensiyuan – chensiyuan. Licensed under GFDL via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:1_mount_hua_shan_china_2011.jpg#/media/File:1_mount_hua_shan_china_2011.jpg, retrieved November 2, 2015

120px-Heng_Shan_Summit_View

Image 2. View from the summit of Heng Shan [Shan = Mountain] [the northern Guardian], Shanxi Province, China. June 2011. Photo by Terence7, 11 June 2011.

Attribution: “Heng Shan Summit View” by Terence7 – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Heng_Shan_Summit_View.jpg#/media/File:Heng_Shan_Summit_View.jpg, retrieved October 26, 2015

120px-Mountains_from_westlands

Image 3: The Front Range of the Rocky Mountains. Panorama taken from Westlands Park in Greenwood Village, Colorado [USA]. Photo by Adam Ginsburg (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Keflavich), (December 31, 2015), 1 January 2006 (original upload date).

Attribution: “Mountains from westlands” by No machine-readable author provided. Keflavich assumed (based on copyright claims). – No machine-readable source provided. Own work assumed (based on copyright claims).. Licensed under CC BY 2.5 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mountains_from_westlands.jpg#/media/File:Mountains_from_westlands.jpg, retrieved November 26, 2015

120px-San_Francisco_Peaks_01

Image 4. San Francisco Peaks seen from U.S. Route 89, Arizona, USA. Photo by Bernard Gagnon (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Bgag), 7 February 2009.

Attribution: “San Francisco Peaks 01” by Bernard Gagnon – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:San_Francisco_Peaks_01.jpg#/media/File:San_Francisco_Peaks_01.jpg, retrieved November 2, 2015

Knob from east

Image 5. Gobernador Knob [Navajo = Chʼóolʼį́ʼí], viewed from the east across the headwaters of Gobernador Canyon. Sandstone caprice boulders armor the slope as they tumble down after the underlying shale is eroded. No trails lead to the summit, but a scramble is possible up the eastern or northern slope. The dominant vegetation is pinion pine, juniper, mountain mahogany, and manzanita [New Mexico, USA], September 2000. Permission from the American Geographical Society (http://americangeo.org) and the author/photographer, Kevin Blake (http://www.k-state.edu/geography/kblake/).

Black and white version printed in on page 719 of: Blake, K. S. (October 2001). Geographical field note: Search of a Navajo sacred geography. The Geographical Review, 91(4), pp. 715-724, retrieved December 18, 2015 from an original digital photo attached to an email from Kevin S. Blake, Associate Professor of Geography at Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas

Blake Hogan, male, forked stick-thumb

Image 6. Replica of a male forked-pole hogan at the Navajo National Monument, near Black Mesa, Arizona [USA], June, 1999. The form of this early type of Navajo dwelling is tapered in symbolic association with Gobernador Knob [Navajo = Chʼóolʼį́ʼí] (compare the shape shown in … [Image 5 above]). Permission from the American Geographical Society (http://americangeo.org) (for the caption) and the author/photographer, Kevin Blake (http://www.k-state.edu/geography/kblake/).

Another photograph (with the above caption) of the same hogan was printed on page 720 in: Blake, K. S. (October 2001). Geographical field note: Search of a Navajo sacred geography. The Geographical Review, 91(4), pp. 715-724, retrieved December 20, 2015 from original digital photo attached to an email from Kevin S. Blake, Associate Professor of Geography at Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas

Blake Hogan male-thumb

Image 7. A male fork-pole hogan from Monument Valley, Colorado, USA, June 2007. Permission from photographer, Kevin Blake (http://www.k-state.edu/geography/kblake/). (title constructed by author from correspondence with Professor Blake)

Retrieved December 20, 2015 from an original digital photo attached to an email from Kevin S. Blake, Associate Professor of Geography at Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas

79px-Hope-Farnese_Athena_Louvre_Ma331_n2

Image 8. Athena of the Hope-Farnese type. Marble, Roman copy from the 1st–2nd centuries AD after a Greek original, probably the late 5th century BC bronze cult-statue of Athena Itonia (near Koroneia) by Agoracritos, described by Pausanias (IX, 34, 1). The antique head, of the Mattei type, does not belong to the statue, in the Louvre Museum, Paris, France. Photo by Jastrow (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Jastrow), 2006.

Attribution: “Hope-Farnese Athena Louvre Ma331 n2” by Unknown – Jastrow (2006). Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hope-Farnese_Athena_Louvre_Ma331_n2.jpg#/media/File:Hope-Farnese_Athena_Louvre_Ma331_n2.jpg, retrieved November 2, 2015

120px-Mount_Jomolhari_from_below_Neleyla_2009-10-10_a-1

Image 9. Mount Jomolhari [= Chomolhari = the bride of Kangchenjuna] viewed from just below Neleyla pass, (Jangothang side) in Bhutan. Photo by Christopher J. Fynn (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:CFynn), 10 October 2009.

Attribution: “Mount Jomolhari from below Neleyla 2009-10-10 a” by ©Christopher J. Fynn / Wikimedia Commons. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mount_Jomolhari_from_below_Neleyla_2009-10-10_a.jpg#/media/File:Mount_Jomolhari_from_below_Neleyla_2009-10-10_a.jpg, retrieved October 26, 2015 from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mount_Jomolhari_from_below_Neleyla_2009-10-10_a.jpg#/media/File:Mount_Jomolhari_from_below_Neleyla_2009-10-10_a.jpg

Chapter 5

80px-14440_The_mikve_in_besalu

Image 1. The old Jewish Mikve[h] in Besalú [Spain]. Credit: Courtesy of Arie Darzi to memorialize the Jewish communities in Spain.

עברית: מקווה הטהרה העתיק בבסלו שבספרד
עברית: נוסח הקרדיט :באדיבות אריה דרזי לזכר קהילות ספרד שחרבו.

Photo by אריה דרזי, Arie Darzi, 7 August 2011.

Source: http://yavan.org.il/pws/gallery!826

Attribution: “14440 The mikve in besalu” by אריה דרזי, ARIE DARZI – http://yavan.org.il/pws/gallery!826. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:14440_The_mikve_in_besalu.jpg#/media/File:14440_The_mikve_in_besalu.jpg, retrieved October 26, 2015

120px-Topanga_Canyon_trail

Image 2. View of Topanga State Park and Topanga Canyon — from one of the hiking trails in the Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area [Los Angeles, California, USA]. Photo by Rneches, 2 November 2007.

Source and Author: Rneches

Attribution: “Topanga Canyon trail” by Rneches – Rneches. Licensed under CC BY 2.5 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Topanga_Canyon_trail.png#/media/File:Topanga_Canyon_trail.png, retrieved November 2, 2007

120px-COLLECTIE_TROPENMUSEUM_Gezicht_op_Hotel_Prigen_en_de_Gunung_Penanggungan_TMnr_60000002

Image 3. Gezicht op Hotel Prigen en de Gunung Penanggungan [View of Hotel Prigen and Mount Penanggungan, East Java Province, Java island, Indonesia]. Photographer unknown, 1870-1892.

Source: Tropenmuseum (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tropenmuseum)

Attribution: “COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Gezicht op Hotel Prigen en de Gunung Penanggungan TMnr 60000002” by Tropenmuseum, part of the National Museum of World Cultures. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:COLLECTIE_TROPENMUSEUM_Gezicht_op_Hotel_Prigen_en_de_Gunung_Penanggungan_TMnr_60000002.jpg#/media/File:COLLECTIE_TROPENMUSEUM_Gezicht_op_Hotel_Prigen_en_de_Gunung_Penanggungan_TMnr_60000002.jpg, retrieved November 2, 2015

120px-TaraHill1590c

Image 4. Tara Hill, County Wexford, Ireland. Photo by Sarah777 at English Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Sarah777), 19 June 2007.

Source: Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons

Attribution: “TaraHill1590c” by Sarah777 at English Wikipedia – Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons.. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:TaraHill1590c.jpg#/media/File:TaraHill1590c.jpg, retrieved October 26, 2015

120px-The_Flow_Form_and_Pool_at_The_Chalice_Well._-_geograph.org.uk_-_949996

Image 5. The Flow Form and Pool … in the Chalice Well garden at Glastonbury [Somerset, England]. Photo by Michael Murray (http://www.geograph.org.uk/profile/16938), 9 February 2008. (title edited by author)

Source: geography.org.uk (http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/949996)

Attribution: “The Flow Form and Pool at The Chalice Well. – geograph.org.uk – 949996” by Michael Murray. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Flow_Form_and_Pool_at_The_Chalice_Well._-_geograph.org.uk_-_949996.jpg#/media/File:The_Flow_Form_and_Pool_at_The_Chalice_Well._-_geograph.org.uk_-_949996.jpg, retrieved October 26, 20015

120px-Recinto_Templo_Mayor

 

 

 

Image 6. Zona arqueológica Templo Mayor en el Centro Histórico de la Ciudad de México. [Archaeological area of the Templo Mayor in the Historical Center of Mexico City, Mexico]. Photo by BekaHari, 10 April 2007.

Attribution: “Recinto Templo Mayor” by BekaHari – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Recinto_Templo_Mayor.JPG#/media/File:Recinto_Templo_Mayor.JPG, retrieved October 26, 2015

Lar_Plain_in_the_Mountain_Damavand_skirts_&_Central_Alborz_mountain

Image 7. Lar plain and its beautiful lake [there is no reason to think this is the probably mythical lake called Arêdvîvsûr mentioned below, but it is suggestive of it — Mount Damavand, the highest mountain of the Alborz  (Albûrz) Range is in the background] lie in a distance of 70 km from the eastern Tehran. The plain is in fact the biggest valley of Iran, and therefore called a plain. The most beautiful landscapes in Iran can be viewed from Lar plain. Numerous springs in the plain have brought it the name “Land of A Thousand Springs” and it is also called Lar-e-Divaneh (Crazy Lar) because of its unstable climate. … Photo by Mahdi Kalhor (http://www.panoramio.com/user/1171864), 26 May 2010.

Source: http://www.panoramio.com/photo/44830160

Attribution: http://www.panoramio.com/photo/44830160, retrieved November 26, 2015

120px-Ithome4

Image 8. View from the ancient Messene up to the village Mavromati, to the mountain Eua, in front of the mountain Ithome (Voulknou, Βουλκάνου) in the background [Volcano, Messenia, Greece]. Photo by Stefan Arranger, 25 June 2010.

Source: http://www.hikr.org/gallery/photo308145.html?post_id=24751#1

Attribution: “Ithome4” by Stefan Artinger – http://www.hikr.org/gallery/photo308145.html?post_id=24751#1. Licensed under CC0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ithome4.jpg#/media/File:Ithome4.jpg, retrieved October 26, 2015

120px-Doisuthepnationalpark0408a

Image 9. Doi Suthep National Park, Chiang Mai Province, northern Thailand. Photo by Hdamm (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Hdamm), August 2004.

Attribution: “Doisuthepnationalpark0408a” by Hdamm – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Doisuthepnationalpark0408a.jpg#/media/File:Doisuthepnationalpark0408a.jpg, retrieved October 26, 2015

SanFranciscoPeaks2007

Image 10. San Francisco Peaks — Fall 2007 [north central Arizona, USA]. Photo by Milonica at English Wikipedia, Autumn 2007.

Attribution: “SanFranciscoPeaks2007” by Milonica at English Wikipedia. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:SanFranciscoPeaks2007.jpg#/media/File:SanFranciscoPeaks2007.jpr, retrieved October 26, 2015

120px-TaiShan

Image 11. A peak at Tai’shan—Mount Tai, Shandong Province, eastern China. Photo by David Turner, September 22, 2004.

Source: en.wikipedia.org

Attribution: “TaiShan”. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:TaiShan.jpg#/media/File:TaiShan.jpg, retrieved October 26, 2015

Hunyuan_Xuankong_Si_2013.08.30_09-45-22

Image 12. 浑源悬空寺 [Hunyuan Monastery on or near Heng-Shan, Shanxi, China]. Photo by Zhangzhugang, 30 August 2013, 09:45:22.

Attribution: “Hunyuan Xuankong Si 2013.08.30 09-45-22” by Zhangzhugang – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hunyuan_Xuankong_Si_2013.08.30_09-45-22.jpg#/media/File:Hunyuan_Xuankong_Si_2013.08.30_09-45-22.jpg, retrieved November 8, 2015

120px-Dikti_mountain,_Crete,_Greece

Image 13. Mount Dikte, Crete. Photo by Lathiot at English Wikipedia, 30 August 2013, 09:45:22. (title by author)

Source: Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons.

Attribution: “Dikti mountain, Crete, Greece” by Lathiot at the English language Wikipedia. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dikti_mountain,_Crete,_Greece.jpg#/media/File:Dikti_mountain,_Crete,_Greece.jpg, retrieved November 8, 2015

120px-Codex_Borgia_page_27

Image 14. Five Tlaloquê depicted in the Codex Borgia, Page 27. Photographer not given.

Source: 1898 facsimile edition, online at FAMSI.org (http://www.famsi.org/research/loubat/)

Attribution: “Codex Borgia page 27” by Unknown – 1898 facsimile edition, online at FAMSI.org. Licensed under Public Domain via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Codex_Borgia_page_27.jpg#/media/File:Codex_Borgia_page_27.jpg, retrieved November 8, 2015

rock_art_4_200

Image 15. The corn plant has a special place in Navajo ceremonial imagery. One of the four sacred plants, it serves as a symbol of strength and as a metaphor for the geography of the canyon country. In some oral histories, Gobernador Knob, Ch’ool’í’í, is described as the tassel at the head of a large corn plant. Gobernador Canyon is the stalk and the side canyons are the leaves and fruits. In many other stories, Ch’ool’í’í is said to be a male forked-stick hogan [near Gobernador, New Mexico]. Source: U.S. Bureau of Land Management; photographer not given.

Attribution: http://www.nm.blm.gov/features/dinetah/navajo_history_2.html, retrieved November 8, 2015 from http://www.nm.blm.gov/features/dinetah/navajo_history_2.html

120px-BackAlleghenyMountain

Image 16. Back Allegheny Mountain, West Virginia [USA] (Photo taken from Whittaker Station on Cass Scenic Railroad). Photo by Valorous Tygart, (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Valerius_Tygart), 17 August 2007.

Attribution: “BackAlleghenyMountain” by Valerius Tygart – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:BackAlleghenyMountain.jpg#/media/File:BackAlleghenyMountain.jpg, retrieved November 8, 2015

120px-FujiSunriseKawaguchiko2025WP

Image 17. This photograph shows Mt. Fuji at sunrise from across Kawaguchiko, Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan. … Photo by Kawaguchiko, date not given.

Attribution: “FujiSunriseKawaguchiko2025WP”. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:FujiSunriseKawaguchiko2025WP.jpg#/media/File:FujiSunriseKawaguchiko2025WP.jpg, retrieved November 8, 2015

Mount_Rainier_from_the_Silver_Queen_Peak

Image 18. Mount Rainier as viewed in the summer from Silver Queen Peak, near Crystal Mountain resort at an elevation of around 7000 ft looking west by southwest. The main summit, Columbia Crest (14410 feet) is at the center. The White River is visible in the lower left [Tacoma, Washington, USA]. Photo by Dllu (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Dllu), 1 July 2015, 12:22:04.

Attribution: “Mount Rainier from the Silver Queen Peak” by Dllu – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mount_Rainier_from_the_Silver_Queen_Peak.jpg#/media/File:Mount_Rainier_from_the_Silver_Queen_Peak.jpg, retrieved November 8, 2015

Chapter 6

89px-Moses_and_burning_bush

Image 1. Moses and the Burning Bush wing panel, Dura Europos [Synagogue {ancient synagogue}, Syria]. Photographer not given, 11 April 2013, 20:11:19.

Attribution: “Moses and burning bush” by Dura Europos – Dura Europos synagogue. Licensed under Public Domain via Commons – https://en.wiki2.org/wiki/File:Moses_and_burning_bush.jpeg#/media/File:Moses_and_burning_bush.jpeg, retrieved November 8, 2015

120px-HelikonZagarasMt

Image 2. Mt. Zagarás (Ancient “Helikon”), 1526m. [Thespian, Boeotia, Greece]. Photo by GOFAS, 26 September 2010.

Attribution: “HelikonZagarasMt” by GOFAS – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:HelikonZagarasMt.jpg#/media/File:HelikonZagarasMt.jpg, retrieved October 27 2015

120px-Tecatecentro

Image 3. Cuchama (Kuchamaa, Kuuchamaa) Mountain = Tecate Peak, just north of the California (United States) — Baja California (Mexico) border, view from Tecate (Mexico). Photo by Memobiker, 18 March 2006. (title by author)

Attribution: “Tecatecentro” by Memobiker – “own photo”. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tecatecentro.jpg#/media/File:Tecatecentro.jpg, retrieved October 27, 2015

sinai-1515-020 thumb

Image 4. Moses receiving the Tablets of the Ten Commandments from the Lord on Mount Sinai showing the Israelite camp below, Exodus 33. (Woodcut {Folio 20} from the Biblia cum concordantiis ceteris et novi testament, Jacobum Sacon for Anthony Koberger, January 12, 1515). Scan by author, uploaded on October 28, 2015.

transfiguration-1521-85

Image 5. The Transfiguration of Christ on Mount Tabor (Moses shown with horns) (woodcut from the section “Joyful Mysteries” of the Rosary, Rosario della gloriosa verging Maria, Venice 1521). Scan by author, uploaded on October 28, 2015

104px-Cave_Hira

Image 6. The Entrance to the Cave in Mount Hira (Hiraa), Mecca, Arabia. Photo by User Nazli, date not given. (title by author)

Attribution: “Cave Hira” by User Nazli – Wikipedia in english http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Cave_Hira.jpg. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cave_Hira.jpg#/media/File:Cave_Hira.jpg, retrieved October 27, 2015

120px-Taishan_-_misty

Image 7. Tài Shān (Mount Tài) – misty, Shandong Province, eastern China. Photographer not given, Summer 2004. (title edited by author)

Attribution: “Taishan – misty”. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Taishan_-_misty.jpg#/media/File:Taishan_-_misty.jpg, retrieved December 28, 2015

120px-Kailash_north

Image 8. Northern side of Mt Kailash (Tibet Autonomous Region, People’s Republic of China). Photo by Ondřej Žváček (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Ondřej_Žváček), 31 May 2006

Attribution: “Kailash north” by I, Ondřej Žváček. Licensed under CC BY 2.5 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kailash_north.JPG#/media/File:Kailash_north.JPG, retrieved October 27, 2015

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Image 9. Mount Arunachala, the Hill of Light (from the Arunachala-Live Photo Gallery). (title by author) With kind permission from Arunachala-live (http://arunachala-live.com). March 12, 20??.

From the live web camera that takes a photo every sixty seconds, retrieved October 27, 2015 from http://arunachala-live.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pos=-583

temptation-12

Image 10. The Temptation of Christ — (this image was by the Jesuit, Jerome Nadal, meant to be studied on the first Sunday of Lent, {Matthew 4, Mark 4, Luke 1}, year 30 of Jesus’ life. Copper-plate engraving [detail of Plate 12{25}] from the 1647 edition by Joannes Galle of Evangelicae historiae imagines: ex ordine euangeliorum, quae toto anno in missae sacrificio recitantur, in ordinem temporis vitae Christi digestae from the original plates of the Jerome Nadal 1593 edition). Scan by author, uploaded on October 28, 2015.

Arunachala-live_selected07

Image 11. Mount Arunachala, the Hill of Light (from the Arunachala-Live Photo Gallery). (title by author) With kind permission from Arunachala-live (http://arunachala-live.com). August 26, 20??.

From the live web camera that takes a photo every sixty seconds, retrieved October 27, 2015 from http://arunachala-live.com/gallery/displayimage.php?pid=1330

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The Mountain Archetype Copyright © 1988 by Thomas R. Hersh. All Rights Reserved.

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