Image Credits: Part III

Chapter 7

Mount_Rainier_over_Tacoma

Image 1. Mount Ranier (= Tacoma), viewed from the northwest (the city of Tacoma, Washington, USA), Liberty Cap is the apparent summit with Mowich Face below. Photo by Lyn Topinka (USGS), 20 August 1984. (title amended by author)

Attribution: “Mount Rainier over Tacoma” by Lyn Topinka (USGS) – http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Imgs/Jpg/Rainier/Images/Rainier84_mount_rainier_and_tacoma_08-20-84.jpg [1]. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mount_Rainier_over_Tacoma.jpg#/media/File:Mount_Rainier_over_Tacoma.jpg, retrieved October 28, 2015

Fig02_hyde_swi_607_23_fig_10_opp_p395_cropped

Image 2. Man confronting a Dragon, like the ones reported to have been seen on the Alps, Johann Jakob Scheuchzer, Zurich, Switzerland, 1723. Source: Summits of Modern Man Image Gallery, 2: http://digitalcommons.wpi.edu/summits-images/2/. Photographer not given. (title by author)

Date of Photograph: not given. Engraving published in 1723.

Original: Johann Jakob Scheuchzer, Ouresiphoítes helveticus, sive Itinera per Helvetiæ alpinas regions (Leyden, 1723), Figure X, opposite p. 395. Swi 607.23, Houghton Library, Harvard University. http://id.lib.harvard.edu/aleph/006833030/catalog

Retrieved October 28, 2015 from http://digitalcommons.wpi.edu/summits-images/2/

Description from WPI site: “Johann Jakob Scheuchzer … the Zurich physician collected stories of Swiss dragons but considered them very dubious. From the late nineteenth century, however, this image was often reproduced to symbolize a superstition that was said to have preceded modern mountain climbers.”

120px-Mexico-Popocatepetl

Image 3. Volcano Popocatépetl, south side, view from Paso de Cortez [Mexico]. Photo by Jakub Hejtmánek, 19 June 2006.

Attribution: “Mexico-Popocatepetl” by Jakub Hejtmánek at Czech Wikipedia. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mexico-Popocatepetl.jpg#/media/File:Mexico-Popocatepetl.jpg, retrieved October 28, 2015

sinai-luyken-22 copy 2

Image 4. French Caption: Dieu donne sa Loi sur la Montagne de Sinai. (English translation, “The Lord gives the Law on Mount Sinai.” Exodus 19, by the Mennonite mystic, Jan Luyken (1649-1712). Copperplate engraving, Plate 22, from Histoire les plus remarqables de l’ancien et du Nouveau Testament …, the French edition of 1732 by Johannes Covens and Cornelis Mortier. Scan by author, uploaded October 28, 2015

Source: This is a scan of an original, antique, copper-plate engraving from one of the 18th century’s most extraordinary series of Old and New Testament Bible engravings. The artist was the Mennonite mystic Jan Luyken (Luiken, Luycken), one of the three premier Dutch book illustrators of his day. “Johannes Luyken” is signed in the plate as artist and engraver. The plates were passed from Pieter Mortier (the original publisher — 1708) to his son Cornelis and were used to engrave the famous edition by the important Amsterdam team of Johannes Covens and Cornelis Mortier (their names in the plate). This edition was published in Amsterdam in 1729 and also in France in 1732. This engraving is from the 1732, French edition.

120px-Baxter_and_Knife_Edge

Image 5. Baxter Peak and the Knife Edge Trail on Maine’s Mount Katahdin [= Ktaadn] [USA]. Photo by Greg Neault, 11 October 2008.

Attribution: “Baxter and Knife Edge” by Greg Neault – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Baxter_and_Knife_Edge.jpg#/media/File:Baxter_and_Knife_Edge.jpg,retrieved October 28, 2015

120px-Mount_Everest_as_seen_from_Drukair2

Image 6. Mount Everest [= Chomolungma] as seen from an aircraft from airline company Drukair in Bhutan. The aircraft is south of the mountains, facing North. Photo by shrimpo1967 (https://www.flickr.com/photos/37047767@N00), 17 September 2006, 08:01:17.

Source: originally posted to https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Flickr as Bhutan Card 02 085 (https://www.flickr.com/photos/37047767@N00/382867157)

Attribution: “Mount Everest as seen from Drukair2” by shrimpo1967 – originally posted to Flickr as Bhutan Card 02 085. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mount_Everest_as_seen_from_Drukair2.jpg#/media/File:Mount_Everest_as_seen_from_Drukair2.jpg, retrieved October 28, 2015

Mont_ventoux_from_mirabel

Image 7. View of Mont Ventoux from Mirabel-aux-Baronnies [France]. Photo by en:User:Diniz, August 2004. (title edited by author)

Source: No machine-readable source provided. Own work assumed (based on copyright claims).

Photographer: No machine-readable author provided.  Photographer assumed (based on copyright claims). (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Gemini1980)

Attribution: “Mont ventoux from mirabel” by No machine-readable author provided. Gemini1980 assumed (based on copyright claims). – No machine-readable source provided. Own work assumed (based on copyright claims).. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mont_ventoux_from_mirabel.jpg#/media/File:Mont_ventoux_from_mirabel.jpg, retrieved October 28, 2015

107px-Matterhorn_in_the_clouds

Image 8. Matterhorn from north side, in the clouds [Switzerland]. Photo by Zermatt photos, 18 July 2008

Attribution: “Matterhorn in the clouds” by Zermatt photos – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Matterhorn_in_the_clouds.jpg#/media/File:Matterhorn_in_the_clouds.jpg, retrieved November 9, 2015

Mountfujijapan

Image 9. Mount Fuji [with a Shinkansen (a high speed railway) and cherry blossoms in the foreground, Japan]. Photo by Swolib, 20 May 2006 (original upload date), transferred from English Wikipedia.

Attribution: “Mountfujijapan” by Swollib – Self-photographedTransferred from English Wikipedia; en:Image:Mountfujijapan.JPG. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mountfujijapan.jpg#/media/File:Mountfujijapan.jpg, retrieved October 28, 2015

Iván_Ernesto_Gómez_Carrasco_en_la_cima_del_Monte_Everest

Image 10. Iván Ernesto Gómez Carrasco alza la bandera Dominicana en la cima del Everest [English translation: Iván Ernesto Gómez Carrasco raises the flag of the Dominican Republic at the summit of Mount Everest {wearing an oxygen mask}]. Photo by Igomezc, 21 May 2011, 05:38:50.

Attribution: “Iván Ernesto Gómez Carrasco en la cima del Monte Everest” by Igomezc – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Iv%C3%A1n_Ernesto_G%C3%B3mez_Carrasco_en_la_cima_del_Monte_Everest.jpg#/media/File:Iv%C3%A1n_Ernesto_G%C3%B3mez_Carrasco_en_la_cima_del_Monte_Everest.jpg, retrieved November 9, 2015

120px-Kailás

Image 11. View to the northern side of Mt Kailash (Gang Rinpoche) from the Dirapuk Monastery (Tibet Autonomous Region, People’s Republic of China). Photo by Ondřej Žváček (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Ondřej_Žváček), 31 May 2006.

Attribution: “Kailás” by I, Ondřej Žváček. Licensed under CC BY 2.5 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kail%C3%A1s.jpg#/media/File:Kail%C3%A1s.jpg, retrieved October 30, 2015

Kailash_Kora_Pilgrim_-_Full_Prostration_2006-06

Image 12. A pilgrim, a Tibetan woman, circumambulating [= Kora] Mt. Kailash by performing full body prostrations [Tibet]. Photo by Doug Elton (“I personally took the picture with my own camera while performing the Mt. Kailash Kora in June 2006, not previously published”), 1 June 2006.

Attribution: “Kailash Kora Pilgrim – Full Prostration 2006-06” by User:Doug Elton. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kailash_Kora_Pilgrim_-_Full_Prostration_2006-06.jpg#/media/File:Kailash_Kora_Pilgrim_-_Full_Prostration_2006-06.jpg, retrieved November 10, 2015

120px-Amne_Machin

Image 13. Anye Machin, (Amne Machin) the second sacred mountain for Tibetans after Mount Kailash, 6.282 m. Qinghai, China. Photo by Mario Biondi, 6 July 2008. (text amended by author)

Attribution: “Amne Machin” by Italian Author-Photographer Mario Biondi – My Archive. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Amne_Machin.jpg#/media/File:Amne_Machin.jpg, retrieved October 28, 2015

120px-Jerusalem,_Mount_of_olives_3862

Image 14. Mount of Olives [Jerusalem, Israel] as it was on 10 August 2011. Photo by Nemo (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Nemo_bis), 10 August 2011, 11:42:51.

Attribution: “Jerusalem, Mount of olives 3862” by Nemo – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jerusalem,_Mount_of_olives_3862.JPG#/media/File:Jerusalem,_Mount_of_olives_3862.JPG, retrieved October 29, 2015

120px-Shi_Rui-Xuan_Yuan_Inquires_of_the_Dao

Image 15. Xuan Yuan inquires of the Dao [= Tao = The Way], scroll, color on silk, 32 x 152 cm. Located at the National Palace Museum, Taibei (Taipei, Taiwan). Xuan Yuan is the given name of the Yellow Emperor. This painting is based on the story that the Yellow Emperor went out to the Kongtong Mountains to meet with the famous Daoist [= Taoist] sage Guangchengzi [Guangcheng]. Photographer not given.

Date of Scroll: Early Ming Dynasty (1368–1644)

Topic of Scroll: Shi Rui (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shi_Rui)

Attribution: “Shi Rui-Xuan Yuan Inquires of the Dao” by Shi Rui – http://tech2.npm.gov.tw/cheschool/zh-tw/index.aspx?content=c_2_19. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Shi_Rui-Xuan_Yuan_Inquires_of_the_Dao.jpg#/media/File:Shi_Rui-Xuan_Yuan_Inquires_of_the_Dao.jpg, retrieved October 29, 2015

sermon-on-mount-25

Image 16. The Sermon on the Mount: “And seeing the multitudes, he went up into a mountain: and when he was set, his disciples came unto him” (Matthew 5:1). Copperplate engraving after Martin de Vos, engraved by Jacobus de Bye, published by Johannes Galle (d.1676), second half of the 17th century, from a series called “Vita, Passio, et Resurrectio Jesu Christi.” Scan by author, uploaded October 29, 2015.

Source: This is a scan of the original engraving described in caption.

120px-Day_of_Hajj._Mecca,_Saudi_Arabia

Image 17. Plain of Arafat on the Day of Hajj [with Jabal ar-Rahmah = Jabal al-Ramah = Mount ‘Arafat in the background], Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Photo by Ali (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Ali_Imran), 9 February 2003.

Attribution: “Day of Hajj. Mecca, Saudi Arabia” by Ali – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.5 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Day_of_Hajj._Mecca,_Saudi_Arabia.jpg#/media/File:Day_of_Hajj._Mecca,_Saudi_Arabia.jpg, retrieved October 29, 2015

52px-Bodhidarma

Image 18. This Japanese scroll calligraphy of Bodhidharma reads “直指人心,見性成佛” (from up to low, left to right) “Zen points directly to the human heart, see into your nature and become Buddha”. It was created by Hakuin Ekaku (1685 to 1768). Photographer not given, date not given.

Attribution: “Bodhidarma”. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bodhidarma.jpg#/media/File:Bodhidarma.jpg, retrieved October 29, 2015

mount-fuji-and-eggplants

Image 19. Crossed hawk feathers and eggplants and Fujiyama are three symbols of revenge which, when appearing in a dream, indicate good luck. The calligraphy on a similar painting asks Fujiyama to take off her “robe of haze” so the poet can see her “skin of snow.” By Hakuin Ekayaku. Photographer not given. (title by author) In the Public Domain.

Retrieved November 10, 2015 from http://www.wikiart.org/en/hakuin-ekaku/mount-fuji-and-eggplants

90px-泰山_南天门-1

Image 20. 中文(简体)‎: 泰山南天门十八盘岩层陡立,倾角70-80°,在1千米的距离内升高了400米。English: Stone staircase up Tai’shan—Mount Tai, in Shandong Province, eastern China. With stone gate at the top. Photo by Charlie Fong (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Charlie_fong) (October 2008).

Attribution: “泰山 南天门” by Charlie fong – Own work. Licensed under Public Domain via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%E6%B3%B0%E5%B1%B1_%E5%8D%97%E5%A4%A9%E9%97%A8.jpg#/media/File:%E6%B3%B0%E5%B1%B1_%E5%8D%97%E5%A4%A9%E9%97%A8.jpg, retrieved January 10, 2016

120px-China_-_Emei_Shan_16_-_Elephant_Bathing_Pool_(135963067)

Image 21. “The Elephant Bathing Pool high on Emei Shan [= Emei Mountain]. It was a serene spot and a nice place for a break after miles of sleep [sic] stone stairs winding up the mountain. You can stay in the monastery here, but I don’t know what it is like; we just passed through” [Sichuan Province, China]. Photo by McKay Savage from London, UK (https://www.flickr.com/people/56796376@N00), 1 April 2006. (quote by photographer)

Source: China – Emei Shan 16 – Elephant Bathing Pool, uploaded by russavia

Attribution: “China – Emei Shan 16 – Elephant Bathing Pool (135963067)” by McKay Savage from London, UK – China – Emei Shan 16 – Elephant Bathing PoolUploaded by russavia. Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:China_-_Emei_Shan_16_-_Elephant_Bathing_Pool_(135963067).jpg#/media/File:China_-_Emei_Shan_16_-_Elephant_Bathing_Pool_(135963067).jpg, retrieved October 29, 2015

120px-Srilanka_adams_sunrise

Image 22. Sunrise on Adam’s Peak, Sri Lanka, 2002. Photo assumed to be by Krankman, 21 May 2006 (original upload date)

Author: No machine-readable author provided. Krankman (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Krankman) assumed (based on copyright claims).

Attribution: “Srilanka adams sunrise” by No machine-readable author provided. Krankman assumed (based on copyright claims). – No machine-readable source provided. Own work assumed (based on copyright claims). Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.5 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Srilanka_adams_sunrise.jpg#/media/File:Srilanka_adams_sunrise.jpg, retrieved October 29, 2015

90px-Mahagiri_Dambaya

Image 23. Adam’s Peak, Sri Lanka, one of the “easy” ways up. Photo by Astronomyinertia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Astronomyinertia), date not given. (title amended by author)

Attribution: “Mahagiri Dambaya” by Astronomyinertia – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mahagiri_Dambaya.JPG#/media/File:Mahagiri_Dambaya.JPG, retrieved October 29, 2015

120px-TrainatSnowdonSummit

Image 24. Snowdon Mountain Railway — approaching the summit. Photo by Porous, date not given.

Attribution: “TrainatSnowdonSummit” by Porius1 – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:TrainatSnowdonSummit.jpg#/media/File:TrainatSnowdonSummit.jpg, retrieved October 29, 2015

80px-Looking_down
Image 25. Still many steps left [Mount Tai = Tai Shan, Shandong Province, eastern China]. Photo by Charlie fong (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Charlie_fong), October 2008. (quote from photographer)

Attribution: “泰山 南天门” by Charlie fong – Own work. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%E6%B3%B0%E5%B1%B1_%E5%8D%97%E5%A4%A9%E9%97%A8.jpg#/media/File:%E6%B3%B0%E5%B1%B1_%E5%8D%97%E5%A4%A9%E9%97%A8.jpg, retrieved October 27, 2015

120px-Mount_Arafat

Image 26. Mount Arafat [near Mecca, Arabia]. Photo by Md iet (talk), 7 April 2011 (UTC).

Attribution: “Mount Arafat” by Md iet at English Wikipedia. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mount_Arafat.jpg#/media/File:Mount_Arafat.jpg, retrieved November 10, 2015

120px-Snowdon_massif

Image 27. The Snowdon group seen from the east, Glider Fawr; left: Y Lliwedd; centre: Crib Goch; right: Yr Wyddfa and Garnedd Ugain [Snowdonia National Park, Gwynedd, UK]. Photo by Chris Dixon, 7 September 2004.

Source: Copied from the English Wikipedia at en:Image:Snowdon massif.jpg.

Attribution: “Snowdon massif”. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Snowdon_massif.jpg#/media/File:Snowdon_massif.jpg, retrieved October 29, 2015

120px-Koujin_yama

Image 28. The Ofuda issued by a Shinto shrine. Photo by MOTOI Kenkichi (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:MOTOI_Kenkichi), 18 August 2010. (title edited and photo cropped by author)

Source: Published by the 荒神山神社(Kōjin-yama-jinja), https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/荒神山神社

Attribution: “Koujin yama” by MOTOI Kenkichi – Published by the 荒神山神社(Kōjin-yama-jinja).. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Koujin_yama.png#/media/File:Koujin_yama.png, retrieved October 29, 2015

120px-Genting_Highland_Malaysia_(13)

Image 29. [Skyway to the Highlands Hotel of the] Genting Highland [Resort,] Malaysia. Photo by Shahnoor Habib Munmun, date not given.

Attribution: “Genting Highland Malaysia (13)” by Shahnoor Habib Munmun – Own work. Licensed under CC BY 3.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Genting_Highland_Malaysia_(13).JPG#/media/File:Genting_Highland_Malaysia_(13).JPG, retrieved November 28, 2015

120px-Gangtok_ropeway

Image 30. Ropeway car over Gangtok [Sikkim, India]. Photo by kalyan3 (https://www.flickr.com/people/kalyan3/), 20 April 2007.

Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/kalyan3/467326703/

Attribution: “Gangtok ropeway” by kalyan3 – http://www.flickr.com/photos/kalyan3/467326703/. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gangtok_ropeway.jpg#/media/File:Gangtok_ropeway.jpg, retrieved November 28, 2015

Chapter 8

120px-Akrotiri_minoan_town

Image 1. Minoan fresco (1600 BCE, artist unknown), seemingly showing a peak sanctuary, Akrotiri, Santorini, Greece. Photographer not given, date of photo not given. (title by author)

Original is a detail from the “ship procession” in the West House.

Attribution: “Akrotiri minoan town” by unknown minoan artist – Detail from the “ship procession” in the West House.. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Akrotiri_minoan_town.jpg#/media/File:Akrotiri_minoan_town.jpg, retrieved October 30, 2015

120px-Tlalocbraziercentered

Image 2. Fragments of a brazier depicting Tlaloc from Stage IVB of the Templo Mayor in Mexico City [Mexico]. Photo by Thelmadatter, graphically enhanced by Maunus at English Wikipedia, 24 March 2008 (original upload date).

Source: Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons.

Graphically improved version of [[:en:Image:TlalocBrazier.JPG]] by en:User:Thelmadatter. She releasd the photo into the public domain.

Attribution: “Tlalocbraziercentered” by Maunus at English Wikipedia – Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons.. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tlalocbraziercentered.jpg#/media/File:Tlalocbraziercentered.jpg, retrieved October 30, 2015

120px-NavajoMtn_ISS012-E-5172

Image 3. Astronaut’s satellite photo of Navajo Mountain and environs. Located in southeast Utah (left-south slope in Arizona). San Juan River goosenecks in upper right, Lake Powell at top. In the physiographic Canyon Lands Section [USA]. Photo by ISS Crew Earth Observations experiment and the Image Science & Analysis Group, Johnson Space Center, 14 October 2005.

Source: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Newsroom/NewImages/images.php3?img_id=17079

Attribution: “NavajoMtn ISS012-E-5172” by ISS Crew Earth Observations experiment and the Image Science & Analysis Group, Johnson Space Center. – http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Newsroom/NewImages/images.php3?img_id=17079. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:NavajoMtn_ISS012-E-5172.jpg#/media/File:NavajoMtn_ISS012-E-5172.jpg retrieved October 30, 2015

120px-Mountain_Range_in_Northern_Sikkim

Image 4. Kangchengyao [Kangchenjunga] mountain range in Northern Sikkim, east of Thanggu. Photo by Carsten.nebel  (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Carsten.nebel), November 2005.

Attribution: “Mountain Range in Northern Sikkim” by Carsten.nebel – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mountain_Range_in_Northern_Sikkim.jpg#/media/File:Mountain_Range_in_Northern_Sikkim.jpg, retrieved October 30, 2015

80px-Puxian_Emei
Detail_of_room_two,_showing_wall,_ceiling_and_loop_hools._-_Gould_Pass_Pueblito,_Carrizo_Canyon,_Dulce,_Rio_Arriba_County,_NM_HABS_NM,20-DUL.V,5-9.tif

Image 7. Detail of room two, showing wall, ceiling and loop holes. Gobernador Knob, the sacred emergence point of the Navajo, can also be seen from the site. This is a Pueblito, a small multi-roomed masonry dwelling found in the Navajo homeland, or Dinetah region of northwest New Mexico. Constructed between 1749 and 1753. — Gould Pass Pueblito, Carrizo Canyon, Dulce, Rio Arriba County, NM, USA). … From the Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS), Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) or Historic American Landscapes Survey (HALS). These are programs of the National Park Service established for the purpose of documenting historic places. Records consist of measured drawings, archival photographs, and written reports(title edited by author)

Date: Documentation compiled after 1933

Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print (http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/nm0180.photos.381180p)

Accession Number: HABS NM,20-DUL.V,5-9

Photographers: Pueblo Indians; Navajo Indians; Laird, Verner W, field team; Dharmadhikari, Kirtimalini S, field team; Gaudy, Peggy, field team; Barbee, William C, project manager; Wegman-French, Lysa, transmitter; Thallheimer, Arnold, photographer; Zareen, Hadiba, delineator

Attribution: “Detail of room two, showing wall, ceiling and loop hools. – Gould Pass Pueblito, Carrizo Canyon, Dulce, Rio Arriba County, NM HABS NM,20-DUL.V,5-9” by Related names:Pueblo IndiansNavajo IndiansLaird, Verner W, field teamDharmadhikari, Kirtimalini S, field teamGaudy, Peggy, field teamBarbee, William C, project managerWegman-French, Lysa, transmitterThallheimer, Arnold, photographerZareen, Hadiba, delineator – http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/nm0180.photos.381180p. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Detail_of_room_two,_showing_wall,_ceiling_and_loop_hools._-_Gould_Pass_Pueblito,_Carrizo_Canyon,_Dulce,_Rio_Arriba_County,_NM_HABS_NM,20-DUL.V,5-9.tif#/media/File:Detail_of_room_two,_showing_wall,_ceiling_and_loop_hools._-_Gould_Pass_Pueblito,_Carrizo_Canyon,_Dulce,_Rio_Arriba_County,_NM_HABS_NM,20-DUL.V,5-9.tif, retrieved November 27, 2015

120px-立石光正DSCF0451
Image 8. Kōshō Tateishi [yamabushi] in Kumano [Region, Japan]. Photo by 唐山健志郎 (https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/利用者:唐山健志郎), 2 January 2006.

Other Versions: なし

Attribution: “立石光正DSCF0451” by 唐山健志郎 – 唐山健志郎. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%E7%AB%8B%E7%9F%B3%E5%85%89%E6%AD%A3DSCF0451.JPG#/media/File:%E7%AB%8B%E7%9F%B3%E5%85%89%E6%AD%A3DSCF0451.JPG, retrieved October 30, 2015

 120px-Himalayas_from_Kullu_Valley,_Himachal_Pradesh
Image 10. This is a birds-eye view of Tacoma, Washington looking northeast towards Mount Rainier [Mount Tacoma] in 1906. Photographer not given but has A. H. Barnes on photo, upload date not given.

Source: From the 1914 textbook, New Geographies by Tarr & McMurphy, published by MacMillan.

Attribution: “Tacoma, Washington 1914” by A.H. Barnes – From the 1914 textbook, New Geographies by Tarr & McMurphy, published by MacMillan.. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tacoma,_Washington_1914.jpg#/media/File:Tacoma,_Washington_1914.jpg, retrieved October 30, 2015

 120px-Hagurosan_Path_to_the_summit_2006
Image 11. The path to the summit [of Mount Haguro, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan]. Photo by Crown of Lenten rose, 7 April 2010. (title edited by author)

Attribution: “Hagurosan Path to the summit 2006” by Crown of Lenten rose – Own work. Licensed under CC BY 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hagurosan_Path_to_the_summit_2006.jpg#/media/File:Hagurosan_Path_to_the_summit_2006.jpg, retrieved October 30, 2015

 90px-CrystalStreamOverpass2

Image 13. Statue of Coatlicue displayed in National Anthropology Museum in Mexico City [Mexico]. Photo by Luidger (https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benutzer:Luidger), 9 December 2004.

Attribution: “20041229-Coatlicue (Museo Nacional de Antropología) MQ-3” by Luidger – Luidger. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:20041229-Coatlicue_(Museo_Nacional_de_Antropolog%C3%ADa)_MQ-3.jpg#/media/File:20041229-Coatlicue_(Museo_Nacional_de_Antropolog%C3%ADa)_MQ-3.jpg, retrieved October 30, 2015

120px-Hillary_and_tenzing

Image 14. First successful ascent [of Mount Everest] by Tenzing [Norgay] and [Edmund] Hillary [in 1953]. Photo by Jamling Tenzing Norgay(?), May 29, 1953.

Source: http://www.tenzing-norgay-trekking.de, 1953 British Mount Everest expedition

Attribution: “Hillary and tenzing” by Jamling Tenzing Norgay – http://www.tenzing-norgay-trekking.de. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hillary_and_tenzing.jpg#/media/File:Hillary_and_tenzing.jpg, retrieved October 30, 2015

Blake Knob and gas well-thumb

Image 15. Natural-gas well-production facilities located 0.8 kilometer east-northeast of Gobernador Knob. The view of the knob from the east was obscured by trees prior to the grading of this well pad in 2000, but now this is the best place to park before hiking to the knob and to contemplate the juxtaposition of land uses based on widely divergent environmental ethics [New Mexico, USA]. Photograph by Kevin S. Blake, September 2000. Permission from the American Geographical Society (http://americangeo.org) and the author/photographer, Kevin Blake (http://www.k-state.edu/geography/kblake/).

A black and white version of this photograph appears on page 722 of: Kevin S. Blake. (October, 2001). Geographical field note: In search of a Navajo sacred geography. The Geographical review: 91 (4): pp. 715-724, retrieved January 20, 2016 from an original digital photo attached to an email from Kevin S. Blake, Associate Professor of Geography at Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas

BH-thumb

Image 16. Hills in the Santa Monica Range dotted with houses (looking north from the window of a high rise building in Beverly Hills, California, USA). Photo by author, 4 January 2016.

Brentwood-thumb

Image 17. View of Los Angeles from a housing development in the Santa Monica Mountains where homes begin at roughly $2,000,000 (in January, 2016), Brentwood, Los Angeles, USA. Photo by author, 26 January 2016.

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Image 18. Santa Monica Mountains, view from the corner of Sunset and Gardner, Hollywood, California, USA. Photo by Jonathan P. Hersh, 8 November 2015. Permission granted by Jonathan P. Hersh. (title by author)

SM-thumb

Image 19. Santa Monica (the city), the Santa Monica Mountains (background), and the Pacific Ocean (from a parking structure in Santa Monica, California, USA). Photo by Adelle Hersh, 21 January 2016. Used with permission.

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Image 20. Inyan Kara [= Hinyan Kaga = Harney Peak] is a sacred mountain to the Lakota [Sioux Indians], [the Black Hills, Crook County, Wyoming, USA]. Photo by Runner1928, 29 January 2006. (title by author)

Source: Added to en.wiki by User:Runner1928 on 29 January 2006 “I took this picture in the mid-1990’s on a trip through the Black Hills.”

Attribution: “Inyan-Kara”. Licensed under Copyrighted free use via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Inyan-Kara.jpg#/media/File:Inyan-Kara.jpg, retrieved October 30, 2015

Chapter 9

Transfiguration_by_Feofan_Grek_from_Spaso-Preobrazhensky_Cathedral_in_Pereslavl-Zalessky_(15th_c,_Tretyakov_gallery)-1.jpeg

Image 1. Transfiguration by the artist Feofan Grek [= Theophanies the Greek] from Spaso-Preobrazhensky Cathedral in Pereslavl-Zalessky [Yaroslavi Oblast, Russia] (15th century, Tretyakov gallery). Photographer not given, date of photograph not given.

Source: http://www.belygorod.ru/img2/Ikona/Used/218grek_preobrazhenie.jpg

Attribution: “Transfiguration by Feofan Grek from Spaso-Preobrazhensky Cathedral in Pereslavl-Zalessky (15th c, Tretyakov gallery)”. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Transfiguration_by_Feofan_Grek_from_Spaso-Preobrazhensky_Cathedral_in_Pereslavl-Zalessky_(15th_c,_Tretyakov_gallery).jpeg#/media/File:Transfiguration_by_Feofan_Grek_from_Spaso-Preobrazhensky_Cathedral_in_Pereslavl-Zalessky_(15th_c,_Tretyakov_gallery).jpeg, retrieved November 12, 2015

temple dedication

Image 2. “Solomon having built the Temple of Jerusalem dedicates it to the Lord” from An Historical, Critical, Geographical, Chronological, and Etymological Dictionary of the Holy Bible in three volumes … and illustrated … copper-plates. Representing the Antiquities, Habits, Buildings, Sepulchres, and other Curiosities of the Jews  … Written originally in French, by the Reverend Father Dom Augustin Calmet, a Benedictine Monk, Abbot of Senones. And now translated into English from the author’s last edition …, London: printed for J. J. and P. Knapton, D. Midwinter and A. Ward, A. Bettesworth and C. Hitch, J. Pemberton, J. Osborn and T. Longman, C. Rivington, F. Clay …, 1732. Scan by author, uploaded 12 November 2015.

48px-Paho,_Hopi,_unknown_katcina,_acquired_in_1919_-_Native_American_collection_-_Peabody_Museum,_Harvard_University_-_DSC05532

Image 3. Paho [= Paaho], Hopi, unknown katcina [= kachina], acquired in 1919. Exhibit from the Native American Collection, Peabody Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. Photography was permitted without restriction; exhibit is old enough so that it is in the public domain. Photo by Diderot,18 March 2012, 13:35:00.

Attribution: “Paho, Hopi, unknown katcina, acquired in 1919 – Native American collection – Peabody Museum, Harvard University – DSC05532” by Daderot – Daderot. Licensed under CC0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Paho,_Hopi,_unknown_katcina,_acquired_in_1919_-_Native_American_collection_-_Peabody_Museum,_Harvard_University_-_DSC05532.JPG#/media/File:Paho,_Hopi,_unknown_katcina,_acquired_in_1919_-_Native_American_collection_-_Peabody_Museum,_Harvard_University_-_DSC05532.JPG, retrieved November 12, 2015

80px-Prayer_stones_Nepal

Image 4. Buddhist prayer stones, Nepal [not from Mount Kailash]. Photo by julesair, 24 April 2012.

Attribution: “Prayer stones Nepal” by julesair – http://www.flickr.com/photos/julesair/4604063459/sizes/l/in/photostream/. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Prayer_stones_Nepal.jpg#/media/File:Prayer_stones_Nepal.jpg, retrieved November 12, 2015

120px-Mt.miwa

Image 5. Mount Miwa [= Mount Miwas], photographed from Yashiro observatory in Omiwa [Sakuai, Nara Prefecture, Japan]. Photo by Ans, 26 April 2008 (original upload date).

Source: Transferred from ja.wikipedia; transferred to Commons by User:Svíčková using CommonsHelper.

Author: Original uploader was Ans at ja.wikipedia (https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/利用者:Ans)

Attribution: “Mt.miwa” by Original uploader was Ans at ja.wikipedia – Transferred from ja.wikipedia; transferred to Commons by User:Svíčková using CommonsHelper.. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mt.miwa.jpg#/media/File:Mt.miwa.jpg, retrieved November 12, 2015

Mayapan-style_incense_burner

Image 6. Mayan-style incense burner in the form of the rain god, Chahk, Mexico, Eastern Yucatan, Late Postclassic Maya, 1100-1300 AD, earthenware and pigment – De Young Museum – DSC00590 [not noted if used on a mountain or not]. Photo by Dadero (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Daderot), 5 November 2013, 15:32:28.

Source: Dadero: Exhibit in the De Young Museum, San Francisco, California, USA. This artwork is in the public domain because the artist died more than 70 years ago. Photography was permitted in the museum without restriction.

Attribution: “Mayapan-style incense burner in the form of the rain god, Chahk, Mexico, Eastern Yucatan, Late Postclassic Maya, 1100-1300 AD, earthenware and pigment – De Young Museum – DSC00590” by Daderot – Own work. Licensed under CC0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mayapan-style_incense_burner_in_the_form_of_the_rain_god,_Chahk,_Mexico,_Eastern_Yucatan,_Late_Postclassic_Maya,_1100-1300_AD,_earthenware_and_pigment_-_De_Young_Museum_-_DSC00590.JPG#/media/File:Mayapan-style_incense_burner_in_the_form_of_the_rain_god,_Chahk,_Mexico,_Eastern_Yucatan,_Late_Postclassic_Maya,_1100-1300_AD,_earthenware_and_pigment_-_De_Young_Museum_-_DSC00590.JPG, retrieved November 12, 2015

Summit shards- thumb

Image 7. Summit of Gobernador Knob with ceremonially arranged pottery shards, stones, and forked stick. The summit benchmark is located in the right center of photo, September 2000. Permission from the author/photographer, Kevin Blake (http://www.k-state.edu/geography/kblake/).

Black and white version was printed on page 54 of: Blake, K. S. (2001). Contested landscapes of Navajo sacred mountains. The North American Geographer, 3(1), pp. 29-62, retrieved January 14, 2016 from an original digital photo attached to an email from Kevin S. Blake, Associate Professor of Geography at Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas

akeda-color

Image 8. The near sacrifice of Isaac by his father Abraham (the Akeda), woodcut from ca. 1570 from a German Luther Bible by H. Lufft, Wittenberg. Scan by author, uploaded 28 October 2015.

Source: This is a scan of the original.

114px-Codex_Magliabechiano_(141_cropped)

Image 9. Aztec ritual human sacrifice as shown in the Codex Magliabechiano, Folio 70 (16th century). … Photographer not given, date of photograph not given.

Source: Extract of Codex Magliabechiano (cf. FAMSI (Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies, Inc.) (http://www.famsi.org/research/pohl/pohl_aztec5.html)

Attribution: “Codex Magliabechiano (141 cropped)” by Unknown – Extract of Codex Magliabechiano (cf. FAMSI (Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies, Inc.). Licensed under Public Domain via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Codex_Magliabechiano_(141_cropped).jpg#/media/File:Codex_Magliabechiano_(141_cropped).jpg, retrieved November 12, 2015

120px-Mount_Ebal_678

Image 10. The ramp leading up to the altar on Mount Ebal. Title by Photographer Daniel Ventura (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Daniel_Ventura), date not given.

Attribution: “Mount Ebal 678” by I, Daniel Ventura. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mount_Ebal_678.jpg#/media/File:Mount_Ebal_678.jpg, retrieved November 13, 2015

Altar_of_Cybele,_Midas_ruins

Image 11. A view of the unfinished Altar of Cybele [= Phrygian Kubile] at Midas ruins in Yazılıkaya village of Han district in Eskişehir, Turkey. Photo by Zeynel Cebeci (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Zcebeci), 7 February 2015, 14:02:42.

Attribution: “Altar of Cybele, Midas ruins” by Zeynel Cebeci – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Altar_of_Cybele,_Midas_ruins.jpg#/media/File:Altar_of_Cybele,_Midas_ruins.jpg, retrieved November 12, 2015

120px-Zunil_SanSimon

Image 12. A lifesize doll of San Simón (Maximón), a Mayan god turned Christian saint [not recognized by the Catholic Church], a subject of veneration in Zunil [a hillside town], Guatemala. The shrine moves from one private house to another every year on November 1. People come to pray there and leave various offerings – usually alcohol and tobacco. The local family takes care of the doll and the shrine during the year, while charging a nominal fee (e.g. 5 GTQ) to visitors. Photo by Sapfan (Jan Petula) (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Sapfan), 17 November 2007.

Attribution: “Zunil SanSimon” by Sapfan (Jan Pesula) – Own work. Licensed under Public Domain via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Zunil_SanSimon.JPG#/media/File:Zunil_SanSimon.JPG, retrieved November 13, 2015

“The doll and shrine is believed to be in a public domain as a work of traditional folk art. The photograph is released to public domain by author (but please quote author when reusing).”

120px-Hassyo_Shrine_(Komaki)_10

Image 13. 愛知県小牧市の八所神社にある祠 = Three hokora [= miniature Shinto shrines that are houses for kami] on a country road in the Hachi-sho Shrine Komaki, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. Photo by KKPCW (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:KKPCW), 25 February 2009.

Attribution: “Hassyo Shrine (Komaki) 10” by KKPCW – Own work. Licensed under CC BY 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hassyo_Shrine_(Komaki)_10.JPG#/media/File:Hassyo_Shrine_(Komaki)_10.JPG, retrieved November 13, 2015

120px-Claude_Lorrain_Apollo_Muses

Image 14. Apollo and the Muses on Mount Helicon (Parnassus) (1680) by Claude Lorrain (1604/1605-1682), oil on canvass, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston [USA]. Photo by Web Gallery of Art (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_Gallery_of_Art), date not given.

Attribution: “Claude Lorrain Apollo Muses” by Claude Lorrain (1604/1605–1682) – Web Gallery of Art:   Image  Info about artwork. Licensed under Public Domain via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Claude_Lorrain_Apollo_Muses.jpg#/media/File:Claude_Lorrain_Apollo_Muses.jpg, retrieved November 13, 2015

120px-Gortys_R01

Image 15. [Gortyna, Gortyn] Gortys (Crete, Greece): Agios Titus Basilica [near the Acropolis but, apparently, not on it]. Photo by Marc Ryckaert (MJJR) (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:MJJR), 15 June 2009.

Attribution: “Gortys R01” by Marc Ryckaert (MJJR) – Own work. Licensed under CC BY 3.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gortys_R01.jpg#/media/File:Gortys_R01.jpg, retrieved November 13, 2015

“Please attribute the author/ Naamsvermelding verist”

120px-Mount_Athos_by_cod_gabriel_36

Image 16. Agiou [= Saint] Panteleimonos monastery, traditional home of Russian monks … [Mount Athos, Greece]. Photo by Gabriel from Bucharest, Romania (https://www.flickr.com/people/8628950@N06), 7 August 2007, 11:19.

Attribution: “Mount Athos by cod gabriel 36” by Gabriel from Bucharest, Romania – The Russian monastery at Mount Athos. Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mount_Athos_by_cod_gabriel_36.jpg#/media/File:Mount_Athos_by_cod_gabriel_36.jpg, retrieved November 13, 2015

View_of_the_Acropolis_Athens_(pixinn.net)

Image 17. The Acropolis of Athens [with Parthenon, the temple to Athena], seen from Philopappou hill. Photo by Christophe Meneboeuf (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:XtoF), 11 June 2011.

Source: More of my work on my photoblog: http://www.pixinn.net

Attribution: “View of the Acropolis Athens (pixinn.net)” by Christophe Meneboeuf – Own workMore of my work on my photoblog: http://www.pixinn.net. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:View_of_the_Acropolis_Athens_(pixinn.net).jpg#/media/File:View_of_the_Acropolis_Athens_(pixinn.net).jpg, retrieved November 13, 2015

Linga_Parvata_Laos_0502

Image 18. Crossing the Mekong river near Champasak, [Laos] one sees the mountain called “Lingaparvata [almost certainly = Ling-kia-po-p’o].” Wat Phu [a Hindu temple] nestles at the base of this mountain, which has been a sacred site from at least the 5th century A.D., being associated with the early kings of Chela. Photo by Michael Gunther (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:G41rn8), 23 August 2014, 13:12:32.

Attribution: “Linga Parvata Laos 0502” by Michael Gunther – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Linga_Parvata_Laos_0502.jpg#/media/File:Linga_Parvata_Laos_0502.jpg, retrieved November 13, 2015

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Image 19. 出羽神社 三神合祭殿 = Dewa [Province] Mikamigo Shrine [and Sanzan Gosai-den temple, at the summit of Mount Haguro, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan]. Photo by Crown of Lenten rose, 7 April 2010.

Attribution: “Hagurosan Gohaiden 2006” by Crown of Lenten rose – Own work. Licensed under CC BY 3.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hagurosan_Gohaiden_2006.jpg#/media/File:Hagurosan_Gohaiden_2006.jpg, retrieved November 13, 2015

120px-Fujinomiya_Hongu_Sengen_Taisha_Honden

Image 20. Honden [main hall] of Fujisan Hongu Sengen Taisha [= a Shinto shrine built to appease the volcano kami of Fujiyama], in Fujinomiya, Shizuoka, Japan. Photo by わたり鳥, 4 April 2009.

Source of Photograph: transfer from ja:Wikipedia

Source of information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fujisan_Hongū_Sengen_Taisha

Attribution: “Fujinomiya Hongu Sengen Taisha Honden” by ​WP:Ja user わたり鳥. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Fujinomiya_Hongu_Sengen_Taisha_Honden.jpg#/media/File:Fujinomiya_Hongu_Sengen_Taisha_Honden.jpg, retrieved November 13, 2015

120px-Enryakuji_Konponchudo02s5s3200

Image 21. Konpon-chudo [main hall of the temple which is the third largest wooden building in Japan] of Enryakuji … temple [monastery] (Japan’s National Treasure), Otsu, Shiga prefecture, Japan. It was rebuilt in 1642. Photo by 663highland (https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/利用者:663highland), 7 November 2009.

Attribution: “Enryakuji Konponchudo02s5s3200” by 663highland – 663highland. Licensed under CC BY 2.5 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Enryakuji_Konponchudo02s5s3200.jpg#/media/File:Enryakuji_Konponchudo02s5s3200.jpg, retrieved November 13, 2015

Menorah-Luyken-thumb

Image 22. The lighting of the golden Menorah (= candlestick) in the Holy of Holies of Solomon’s Temple as portrayed by the Dutch Mennonite artist, Jan Luyken (1649-1712) with original color (artist used real gold). From De republyk der Hebreen, of gemeenebest der Joden. (&) Vervolg op de drie boeken (…) uyt de naargelaten schriften van H.W. Goree, i.e. The Hebrew Republyk, or the Jewish Commonwealth … by P. Cunaeus and published by W. Goeree/R. Blokland between 1683 and 1701 in 4 volumes. Scan by author, uploaded 13 November 2015.

Source: Scanned from the original.

Chapter 10

Yuki_Shrine_-_giant_Sugi

Image 1. A classic yorishiro [= a tree that is a spirit or houses a spirit] … [with a] Shimenawa [= a rope around a tree that marks it as a spirit] around a giant Sugi [= a tree in the cypress family] at the Yuki shrine in Kyoto. Photo by Chris Gladis (MShades) from Kyoto (https://www.flickr.com/people/mshades/), Japan, 19 November 2005.

Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/mshades/64749206

Attribution: “Yuki Shrine – giant Sugi” by Chris Gladis (MShades) from Kyoto, Japan – Flickr. Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Yuki_Shrine_-_giant_Sugi.jpg#/media/File:Yuki_Shrine_-_giant_Sugi.jpg, retrieved November 14, 2015

90px-Kerloas_menhir

Image 2. The Kerloas Menhir, near Plouarzel in Brittany, France. With a height of 9.5 meters this menhir is the tallest standing menhir in Bretagne. A few centuries ago the top was destroyed in a thunder storm: originally it must have been over 10 meters high. (See: J. Briard: The Megaliths of Brittany). Photo by User:China_Crisis (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:China_Crisis), created August 25, 2005.

Attribution: “Kerloas menhir” by User:China_Crisis – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.5 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kerloas_menhir.JPG#/media/File:Kerloas_menhir.JPG, retrieved November 14, 2015

Arslankaya1

Image 3. Arslankaya, Phrygisches Monument bei Afyon, Türkei [= Arslankaya, a Phrygian Monument from Afyon, Turkey] [with carving of the goddess Kubile inside the carved door — not visible in the photo]. Photo by Klaus-Peter Simon (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Kpisimon), 18 September 1991.

Attribution: „Arslankaya1“ von Klaus-Peter Simon – Eigenes Werk. Lizenziert unter CC BY 3.0 über Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Arslankaya1.jpg#/media/File:Arslankaya1.jpg, retrieved November 14, 2015

93px-AGMA_Cybèle

Image 4. Cybèle trônant dans un naïskos. IVe s. av. J.-C. Musée de l’Agora antique d’Athènes. Photographie prise par Μαρσύας (2005) = [Cybele {= the Phrygian mother goddess Kubile} enthroned in a naiskos {= a small shrine}. Fourth century BCE, the Ancient Agora Museum of Athens, Greece.] Photograph taken by Μαρσύας (2005), Marsyas assumed, 10 January 2006 (original upload date).

Attribution: “AGMA Cybèle” by No machine-readable author provided. Marsyas assumed (based on copyright claims). – No machine-readable source provided. Own work assumed (based on copyright claims).. Licensed under CC BY 2.5 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:AGMA_Cyb%C3%A8le.jpg#/media/File:AGMA_Cyb%C3%A8le.jpg, retrieved November 14, 2015

120px-Pascual_Abaj

Image 5. La deidad Pascual Abaj, situado en su altar en la cima de la colina Turk’aj, a 1200 metros del centro de la localidad de Chichicastenango (Guatemala). A la izquierda se ve una cruz cristiana, y a la derecha hay un crucifijo, que indican la presencia de un fuerte sincretismo religioso. [= Pascual Abaj, a Mayan stone deity , its altar situated on the hilltop Turk’aj, 1200 meters from the center of the town of Chichicastenango (Guatemala). To the left is a Christian cross, and right there is a crucifix , which indicate the presence of a strong religious syncretism.] Photo by Javier P. Santos, April 2009.

Attribution: «Pascual Abaj» de Javier P Santos – Trabajo propio. Disponible bajo la licencia CC BY-SA 3.0 vía Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pascual_Abaj.jpg#/media/File:Pascual_Abaj.jpg, retrieved November 14, 2015

120px-Figures_The_erection_of_the_Tabernacle_and_the_Sacred_vessels

Image 6. The erection of the Tabernacle and the Sacred vessels, as in Exodus 40:17-19, “And it came to pass in the first month in the second year, on the first day of the month, that the tabernacle was reared up. And Moses reared up the tabernacle, and fastened his sockets, and set up the boards thereof, and put in the bars thereof, and reared up his pillars. And he spread abroad the tent over the tabernacle, and put the covering of the tent above upon it; as the Lord commanded Moses.”; illustration from the 1728 Figures de la Bible; illustrated by Gerard Hoet (1648–1733) and others, and published by P. de Hondt in The Hague; image courtesy Bizzell Bible Collection, University of Oklahoma Libraries. Photographer not given, date of photo not given.

Source: http://www.wcg.org/images/b2/_0303160501_038.jpg

Engraving: illustrators of the 1728 Figures de la Bible, Gerard Hoet (1648–1733) and others, published by P. de Hondt in The Hague in 1728

Attribution: “Figures The erection of the Tabernacle and the Sacred vessels” by illustrators of the 1728 Figures de la Bible, Gerard Hoet (1648–1733) and others, published by P. de Hondt in The Hague in 1728 – http://www.wcg.org/images/b2/_0303160501_038.jpg. Licensed under Public Domain via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Figures_The_erection_of_the_Tabernacle_and_the_Sacred_vessels.jpg#/media/File:Figures_The_erection_of_the_Tabernacle_and_the_Sacred_vessels.jpg, retrieved November 14, 2015

lamytemplef-thumb

Image 7. Dutch Title: Afbeelding en Gezight van alle de Gebouwen des Temples, als ook van de daar Rondom Leggende Huizen, aan het Zuider Gedeelte van de Stad. Volgens P. Lamy. Translation: A Representation and view of all the buildings of the temple as also of the houses round about on the south side of the city. according to F. Lamy. Artist: A. D. Putter. This is an 18th century Christian idea of what Solomon’s Temple must have looked like. Scanned by author, uploaded 15 November 2015.

Date of Engraving: c1730

Source: This is an original copper-plate engraving. This is an exact copy of the famous conception of the temple by Father Bernardo Lamy. Likely from Calmet’s Dictionary, Dutch edition, c1730.

Gram_Devta_(Village_Temple)_Bahupura_(Bijnor)_U.P.

Image 8. यह मंदिर ग्राम देवता के नाम से मश्हूर है जो कि बाहुपुरा गाँव के उत्तर दिशा में स्थित है. यहाँ पर एक पीपल का 500 साल पुराना पेड़ है.भुइयार (Bhuiyar) समाज की दो महिलायें पूजा अर्चना करते हुए दिखाई दें रही हैं. (ग्राम – बाहुपुरा जिला बिजनौर उत्तर प्रदेश ) भारत – दया राम सिंह भामड़ा = A temple near the Bahupura village which is located in the north. This is a 500 year old Ficus tree [= Peepal Tree = Ashwattha Tree] being venerated by two women of the … Bhuiyar caste [= a Hindu caste of North India], Bahupura, Bijnor district of Uttar Pradesh, India …. [This is not the tree of the Naga people discussed below, and it is not clear if it is planted on an artificial mountain, but it is probably similar to the ones that are.]  Photo by DRBHAMBRA, 6 October 2013, 12:23:38.

Attribution: “Gram Devta (Village Temple) Bahupura (Bijnor) U.P.” by DRBHAMRA – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gram_Devta_(Village_Temple)_Bahupura_(Bijnor)_U.P..jpg#/media/File:Gram_Devta_(Village_Temple)_Bahupura_(Bijnor)_U.P..jpg, retrieved November 15, 2015

93px-Angkor_Phnom_Bakheng

Image 9. Phnom Bakheng, the main temple of Yasodharapura, the first city in Angkor, built on a hill of the same name in the late 9th and early 10th century a.d. Phnom Bakheng (khmer: Phnom meaning hill) is the only elevation (ca. 60 m) in the region of Angkor and a popular place for visitors to watch sunset. [It is possible that this was the linga temple described below.] Photo by Manfred Werner (User:Tsui, Tsui at de.wikipedia.org) (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Tsui), August 2001.

Attribution: “Angkor Phnom Bakheng”. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Angkor_Phnom_Bakheng.jpg#/media/File:Angkor_Phnom_Bakheng.jpg, retrieved November 15, 2015

120px-Rekonstruktion_Tempelbezirk_von_Tenochtitlan_2_Templo_Mayor_3

Image 10. National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City [Mexico]. Reconstruction of the Templo Mayor of Tenochtitlan. Photo by Wolfgang Sauber, derivative work: Joyborg (talk), 1 March 2010, 10:28 (UTC).

Author: Rekonstruktion_Tempelbezirk_von_Tenochtitlan_2_Templo_Mayor.jpg: Wolfgang Sauber; derivative work: Joyborg (talk)

Attribution: “Rekonstruktion Tempelbezirk von Tenochtitlan 2 Templo Mayor 3” by Rekonstruktion_Tempelbezirk_von_Tenochtitlan_2_Templo_Mayor.jpg: Wolfgang Sauberderivative work: Joyborg (talk) – Rekonstruktion_Tempelbezirk_von_Tenochtitlan_2_Templo_Mayor.jpg. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rekonstruktion_Tempelbezirk_von_Tenochtitlan_2_Templo_Mayor_3.jpg#/media/File:Rekonstruktion_Tempelbezirk_von_Tenochtitlan_2_Templo_Mayor_3.jpg, retrieved November 15, 2015

במה_bamah_(high_place)

Image 11. The bamah (high place) of Megiddo [Israel]
הבמה במגידו. Photo by Eitan f, July 2004.

Attribution: “במה bamah (high place)” by Eitan f – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%D7%91%D7%9E%D7%94_bamah_(high_place).jpg#/media/File:%D7%91%D7%9E%D7%94_bamah_(high_place).jpg, retrieved November 15, 2015

120px-Borobudur-Nothwest-view

Image 12. Borobudur temple view from northwest plateau, Central Java, Indonesia. Photo by Gunawan Kartapranata (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Gunkarta), 12 June 2008.

Attribution: “Borobudur-Nothwest-view” by Gunawan Kartapranata – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Borobudur-Nothwest-view.jpg#/media/File:Borobudur-Nothwest-view.jpg, retrieved November 15, 2015

120px-Sierra_Nevada_de_Santa_Marta

Image 13. Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta [Columbia]. Photo by Taggen, 27 November 2011.

Attribution: “Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta” by Taggen – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sierra_Nevada_de_Santa_Marta.jpg#/media/File:Sierra_Nevada_de_Santa_Marta.jpg, retrieved November 15, 2015

120px-Kaaba

Image 14. മക്കയിലെ കഅബ = [Circumambulating] the Kaaba [Ka`bah] in Meca [Makkah = Mecca, Saudi Arabia]. Photo by Yousefmadari at ml.wikipedia, 27 October 2009.

Source: Transferred from ml.wikipedia; transferred to Commons by Captain (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Captainofhope) using CommonsHelper (https://tools.wmflabs.org/commonshelper/)

Author: Yousefmadari (https://ml.wikipedia.org/wiki/ഉപയോക്താവ്:Yousefmadari) at ml.wikipedia (https://ml.wikipedia.org/wiki/പ്രധാന_താൾ)

Attribution: “Kaaba” by Yousefmadari at ml.wikipedia – Transferred from ml.wikipedia; transferred to Commons by Captain using CommonsHelper.. Licensed under Public Domain via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kaaba.jpg#/media/File:Kaaba.jpg, retrieved November 15, 2015

Toyoshima-nagasaki_no_Fujizuka

Image 15. 東京都豊島区高松の富士浅間神社境内にある重要有形民俗文化財の「豊島長崎の富士塚」Translation: “Toshima Nagasaki Fujizuka” [= a mound representing Fujiyama] important tangible folk cultural assets in Toshima-ku, Tokyo Takamatsu Fuji Sengen Shrine [Japan]. Photo by Thirteen-fri, 20 December 2014.

Attribution: “Toyoshima-nagasaki no Fujizuka” by Thirteen-fri – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Toyoshima-nagasaki_no_Fujizuka.JPG#/media/File:Toyoshima-nagasaki_no_Fujizuka.JPG, retrieved November 15, 2015

120px-Ephesus_House

Image 16. The exterior view of the restored house, now serving as a chapel. Ephesus, Virgin Mary’s house [Turkey]. Photo by Rita 1234, 12 June 2007.

Attribution: “Ephesus House” by Rita1234 – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ephesus_House.jpg#/media/File:Ephesus_House.jpg, retrieved December 20, 2015

IMG_0976-thumb

Image 17. Our Lady of Ephesus House of Prayer, Jamaica, Vermont, USA, 1347 foot elevation. Photo by author, December 20, 2015.

90px-House_of_Virgin_Mary2

Image 18. The Interior of the house [of the Virgin Mary, Ephesus, Turkey]. Photo by Dennis Jarvis from Halifax, Canada (https://www.flickr.com/photos/22490717@N02), 18 October 2005.

Source: Turkey-2843 (https://www.flickr.com/photos/archer10/2216385137/)

Uploaded by: Randam (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Randam)

Attribution: “House of Virgin Mary2” by Dennis Jarvis from Halifax, Canada – Turkey-2843Uploaded by Randam. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:House_of_Virgin_Mary2.jpg#/media/File:House_of_Virgin_Mary2.jpg, retrieved December 20, 2015

Ephesus-virgin-Jamaica

Image 19. Altar in Our Lady of Ephesus House of Prayer, Jamaica, Vermont, USA. Photo by author, December 20, 2015.

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The Mountain Archetype Copyright © 1988 by Thomas R. Hersh. All Rights Reserved.

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